The biomass energy advantages and disadvantages are something that many experts evaluate. In the past few years, biomass energy is gradually replacing fossil fuel energy. It is only understood that this alternative stems from the fact that fossil energy causes adverse effects on the environment. As for the functional use or limitations of this energy source is still a big question. In this article, we will dig deeper into this together.
Advantages of biomass energy
To start learning about biomass energy’s advantages and disadvantages, we will start from the advantages of this energy.
Biomass energy is a renewable form of energy so it is always available. The process of humans and animals living will create waste or plants promote the production of this energy source. Because of this, when we use this energy source it does not cause any danger. Being created from natural wastes helps this energy source make a great contribution to environmental protection. When we use these wastes, it will reduce the huge amount of waste discharged into the environment and landfills.
In the process of burning biomass, this energy source does not emit sulfur or mercury gas. It emits only a small amount of nitrogen, which is much more environmentally safe than fossil fuels. Biomass fuels are much less expensive to produce and use than fossil fuels. Businesses can save a lot of money to invest in other technology equipment.
Applying the advantages of biomass energy
Any product or energy source with outstanding advantages needs to be well applied in practice. This biomass energy source with many outstanding advantages can affect many different fields.
Traditional heat production
Using biomass energy to generate a large or moderate amount of heat is one of the perfect applications to replace fossil fuels. When we burn dry biomass, we can generate heat with sustained combustion. It can be used for heating, cooking, or generating steam. With biomass composition up to 7000 Btu/Ib in straw and 8500 Btu/Ib in wood, the amount of heat generated can completely meet the needs of manufacturers.
Generate fuels that can be used for biomass
For many years now, the source of energy used for cars and other machines has been fossil fuels. We will need to convert biomass from solid to liquid fuel if manufacturers use this energy stream. We say so because fossil energy has caused too much harm to the environment.
The main forms of biomass used are methanol, ethanol, and biodiesel. Depending on different cases, these compounds will be mixed with other biofuels to maximize their use. Especially for the oil and gas industry, the addition of biofuels will increase the production of products that add economic value.
Produce electric energy flow
There are many ways to convert biomass energy into electrical energy. Depending on the physical conditions and people, we will use different ways. We can burn biomass directly or create ordinary steam. Or we can also pyrolysis of biomass to generate electric current. For products with higher capacity, we use co-fired co-firing or also known as gasification. In some manufacturers, they may use anaerobic digestion or produce from landfill emissions.
Disadvantages of biomass energy
Raw materials for biomass production are derived from natural crops that occupy a large area of land. This will affect several other business activities such as building houses, growing food crops, or several other businesses. Although it has greatly reduced the possibility of causing adverse impacts on the environment. But because it is a combustible compound, it is inevitable that it still emits CO2 into the environment.
On the other hand, the use of waste from industrial activities to generate biomass will consume a large number of trees. Trees that are cut down will create gaps in the plots. When natural phenomena appear, our protective layer will no longer be as strong as it was in the beginning.
Some measures to overcome the biomass energy advantages and disadvantages
Once we have grasped the disadvantages of biomass, we need to come up with appropriate and correct measures. This will help us develop this energy properly and bring in a large profit.
To be able to meet the large demand for biomass use, we will need to open factories. The cost of a biomass plant is quite high and not everyone can use this energy. In addition, the production material for biomass is an issue we need to pay attention to. If the amount of waste is not controlled for biomass production, it will backfire.
The information about biomass energy advantages and disadvantages has been thoroughly exploited by us. Although it gives industries huge economic benefits, it is impossible to avoid the remaining disadvantages. If you have any difficulties, please contact us through the Farmer website. We will try our best to help you solve your problem. Thank you for reading this article.