In the world today, researchers are actively developing new energy sources to replace oil, coal. Biofuel products are one of the top priorities among them. It is heavily developed and used in agricultural and fuel-importing countries. A combination of diverse functions brings a lot of convenience to users. It is considered a promising product of the future. Learn about this product in today’s article.
What are biofuel products?
Biofuel products are devices that use fuels formed from plants and animals. These fuels are produced from animal and vegetable fats, grains, industrial wastes, and industrial waste products. Commonly collected fuels for production are sawdust, rice straw, potatoes, corn,… These devices have outstanding advantages over other types of energy-using devices. It helps us to protect the environment and partly reduce human dependence on fossil fuels.
Classification of biofuel products
Biofuel products are divided into three categories. For you to better understand these product lines, we would like to share some information as follows.
Products using bio-alcohol
This is a product that uses alcohol, also known as ethanol. It is produced by fermentation of organic products such as starch, cellulose, and lignocellulose. In addition, bio-alcohol is also produced from biomass and agricultural waste. It is evaluated as one of the promising products in the future.
Products powered by biodiesel
This product has a higher value than the bio-alcohol-based product. It runs on bio-oils made through metabolism. This process is reacted by reacting with common alcohols such as methanol. Biodiesel is used as an alternative to petroleum diesel. This product is one of the very awaited prospects in the future.
Products powered by biogas
This is a product line powered by artificial biogas that has been researched and developed by humans. They are created through a fermentation process of organic materials. Products that use fuel in the form of gas are used to burn instead of gas from petroleum. It is widely used and developed in many countries around the world for a long time.
Origin of biofuel raw materials
Above, we have introduced a little about the raw materials for biofuel production. For you to better understand this energy source, we will dig deeper and deeper together.
As introduced to you above, the main raw materials for biofuel production are agricultural products, oilseeds, algae, cellulose, and a small part from animal fat. In the countries of South America and South Africa, biofuel is produced mainly from corn.
In Asia, biofuels are produced from cassava, palm kernels, and copra. Mainly from industrial crops grown scattered in mountainous areas. In Brazil, biofuel is produced from bagasse. As for Canada, it is from waste wood, wood sawdust, and waste products wood. All these big countries understand very well the importance of this product and its impact in the future.
The development of biofuel products in the world
Biofuel products are widely used in more than fifty countries around the world. With the increasing demand, all countries are planning to develop to increase product production.
Biofuel products have been researched and put into use since before 1975. Leading the way is Brazil with the act of supporting alcohol-based gasoline by using sugarcane for production. This type of fuel was then used up to 20%. Particularly in the transportation industry, this figure is up to 85%.
In a technologically advanced country such as the United States, this product line was introduced to experience after the 1973 crisis. The US recognized the utility benefits that this product brought and reduced the tax rate placed on fuel biological. They even encourage people to use and develop this fuel market. At present, in European and American countries biofuels are spreading more and more. The mandatory regulation here is that the percentage of biological materials must always reach the threshold of 10% when being sold in the market.
Moving on to Asia, the country I want to talk about here in Thailand. This is the number one ethanol producer in Southeast Asia for many years now. Thailand began to widely consume this type of gasoline nationwide in 2005. To create the most favorable conditions for the development of biofuel products, the government also supported the parallel supply of two product lines: biology and tradition. Up to the present time, petrol dealers that sell only natural fuel gasoline are no longer the traditional ones.
The topic of biofuel products is very broad and covers many different knowledge contents. We have encapsulated some important information about this section so that you can refer to and better understand the knowledge you are learning. We hope that the information we share will be useful to you. If you have any questions or comments about the article, please contact us via the Farmer website. We will work with you to solve the problem you are facing. Thank you very much for reading our article.